Septic system drainage problems are relatively usual, but it's definitely a good idea to have them inspected by a pro. This is because all the aspect of a system are devised to work together. If a single part starts to malfunction, the others will begin to show manifestations of trouble, too. If you've got drainage problems, the complications might be connected to the drain field itself, but they can also be a warning sign of something happening with the tank. The professionals dispatched by Atlanta Septic Tank Pros will perform an extensive inspection of your system and find the root of the problem, so you can focus on what really matters most to you.Read more: How Does a Septic Tank Work?
Comprehending Your Septic System
Everything that goes through the drains on your property or your commercial space exits the building via a single pipeline that leads to the tank. Within the tank, the wastewater splits up into three levels. The lighter materials that goes up are called "scum" and the much heavier solids that settle to the bottom are referred to as "sludge." In the center, you will have the "effluent", which is the liquid that can properly move out of the tank.
Figuring out Your Drainage System
There is a variety of methods how the effluent is managed, but the intention is to have it assimilated into the earth to make sure that any lingering biological material or pathogens are naturally handled by bacteria in the soil. A large number of systems use a drain field or leach field to accomplish this, but there are various other systems like seepage pits and mounds that function in a the same fashion. Leach fields vary in complexity, but they may consist of multiple narrow trenches or a large open space dug from the earth, in which the drainage pipes sit. The pipes are filled with lots of tiny holes, so that the water can drip out little by little, and the empty space is stuffed in with things like sand and rocks, so the effluent are distributed into the ground better.
Why Septic tank Drainage Problems Develop
Since septic systems rely on unified collaboration among the parts, drainage problems can be the result of something taking place with the tank or with the leach field.
When the Tank is the Cause
Tanks that usually aren't pumped on a regular basis gather sludge, which can grow to the period where the layer of sludge reaches high enough to get in the leach field or block the outlet. The only fix for this is to get the tank pumped, the pipelines cleaned, and any damage repaired.
If the tank is the cause, you might observe:
Slow or sluggish drains
Excrement coming back up the drains
A gurgling sound originating from the drains
Pool of water on the area just above the tank
When the Leach Field is to blame
The leach field and its lines will naturally accumulate a layer of biomat. It is a nasty material comprised of the bacteria that digests just about any of the remaining material left behind in the effluent. It also slows down the stream of effluent from the drainage system which grants it extra time to become filtered. The biomat provides a crucial purpose in the septic system, but it can also increase so much that the effluent can no longer vacate the system. This is perhaps the most frequent cause, but the leach field may also fall short if it was assembled poorly or if the property is straining the system with water, perhaps by draining a tub or taking overly long showers. The remedy to a deteriorating leach field depends on the source.In case that the leach field is to blame, you may find:
Effluent moving up to the surface area of the leach field
A blast on the last line of the leach field